Map of the counties of Hainaut and Namur
The map of the counties of Hainaut and Namur was published in 1585 in the third part of the Mercator atlas entitled Belgii inferioris Geographicae tabulae after Gerard Mercator was inspired by Jacques Surhon's map of Hainaut. The territory represented is larger as it encompasses Hainaut, Cambrai and the county of Namur. However, the borders of Hainaut are similar to those indicated on Surhon's map of 1572/1579 except the uphill section of Tournai and up to Mariembourg. Some names have been corrected.
Gérard Mercator (Rupelmonde 1512 – Duisburg 1594): After studying at the University of Louvain, he devoted himself to mathematics, astronomy, cosmography and the construction of scientific instruments and terrestrial and celestial globes. He was one of the founders of modern geography. His projection, with increasing latitudes, revolutionises the world of cartography. He was the first person to use the term "atlas".
H. ELKHADEM, Genèse de la cartographie scientifique. Son évolution après l’indépendance de la Belgique, dans Images de Mons en Hainaut du XVIe au XIXe siècle, Bruxelles, La Renaissance du livre, 2006, pp. 26-29; Cl. LEMOINE-ISABEAU, Cartes topographiques gravées du Hainaut, dans Images de Mons en Hainaut du XVIe au XIXe siècle, Bruxelles, La Renaissance du livre, 2006, pp. 76-77
Map of the County of NamurThe digital Map of the County of Namur appears in the French edition of Theatrum Orbis Terrarum of Ortelius Abraham, published in 1598 in Antwerp. It is inspired by the map drawn in 1555 by Jean Surhon, son of Jacques.
Abraham Ortelius (Antwerp, 1527-1598): With his sisters, Ortelius coloured maps before becoming an antique dealer, a bookseller and a geographer. His major contribution to cartography was the publication of the atlas entitled Theatrum Orbis Terrarum in Antwerp in 1570. Considered the first atlas, the Theatrum was very popular among the public. From 1570 to 1612, there were 41 successive editions in Latin, German and French... and the number of maps continues to increase.
H. ELKHADEM, Genèse de la cartographie scientifique. Son évolution après l’indépendance de la Belgique, dans Images de Mons en Hainaut du XVIe au XIXe siècle, Bruxelles, La Renaissance du livre, 2006, pp. 32-34;
Map of Hainaut
In 1572, Frans Hogenberg (1535-1590) got Abraham Ortélius (1527-1598) to engrave Jacques Surhon’s map of Hainaut for his atlas Theatrum orbis terrarum. The Duke of Alba denied him permission to publish it and demanded the destruction of copper. Only a few examples that had already been printed have come into our possession. In 1579, the political climate appeased and Ortelius finally obtained permission to publish the map of Hainaut, as evidenced by the lien printed in the top right corner of the map.Surhon’s map of Hainaut shows a carefully indicated Hainaut border, except in the east where it stops. The rivers, their sources, ponds and marshes are accurate. Where there is timber marked, the crop is not indicated. The number of localities with a conventional sign are enough to have their names distorted, out of place or shortened from the engraving. Par The lines of communication, however, are omitted.
Jacques Surhon (Mons, ? -1557): A goldsmith and cartographer for Emperor Charles V, he received the title of engineer of maps. At the request of the emperor, he made a map of Hainaut in 1548. The survey is so precise that the publication of the map is simply forbidden. This map has a very important place in the history of the cartography of Hainaut, since it is this map which was the basis of all maps of Hainaut until the seventeenth century. The emperor requested that Surhon also make maps of the Duchy of Luxembourg and the Country of Chiny County and another one of Artois. These maps were published in the Theatrum orbis terrarum of Abraham Ortélius in 1579.
Biographie nationale, t. 24, col. 271-272 ; Cl. LEMOINE-ISABEAU, Cartes topographiques gravées du Hainaut, dans Images de Mons en Hainaut du XVIe au XIXe siècle, Bruxelles, La Renaissance du livre, 2006, pp. 63-64, 74-75)