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How to identify the state of the art

Identifying the state of the art consists in "seeking all information, formal or informal publications, discoveries, innovations and inventions on all the latest scientific, technical, economic breakthroughs as well as former research work related to the field you will be working in".

Below you will find an overview of the main databases which allow you to identify the state of the art. These databases are freely accessible on the Internet

This list does not claim to be exhaustive. Any comments or suggestions are welcome.

  Literature on patent Law

http://ep.espacenet.com/ (European Patent Office)
http://www.uspto.gov/patft/index.html (American patent office)
http://www.ipdl.inpit.go.jp/ (Japanese Patent Office)
http://www.freepatentsonline.com/ 
http://www.google.com/patents

http://www.wipo.int (World intellectual property organisation)

 Academic literature

http://www.gopubmed.org/ 
http://www.scirus.com/ 
http://scholar.google.be/ 
http://academic.live.com (partially covered topic)
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/gquery (possibility to search several databases)
http://clusty.com/ (utilise various search engines)
http://www.archive.org/
 (internet archive)
http://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/
 (Chemistry)
http://www.pubmed.org
 (medicine)

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/Entrez/ (combination of several search engines)

You can also contact one of the centers of Belgian network PATLIB